There is a long-standing debate among predator fishing anglers from all over the world. Are live baits better than dead baits?
There is no simple answer to this question. Fishing is a sport that includes an insane array of factors that can and will affect the result of our efforts. Both dead and live baits have their moments and arguing that one is better than the other is nothing more than an endless debate!
There is only one way of finding the answer to this question, go and try both options! Both work but not every time.
In the following article, I will cover the following:
Live baits and dead baits are both very effective for predator fishing
What are the important aspects of both live and dead baits
When to use which one or the other
When Live Bait is the Best Option?
Provides better presentation
It’s of course, more lifelike
Has a natural movement in the water
It flashes and is easier for target fish to see
Generally, they catch more fish
They are better in both clear and dark colour water
When Dead Bait is the Best Option?
If live baits are banned – some fisheries often ban live bait fishing
When you are unable to catch any live bait
If the target fish are not interested in live baits
They do not need storage
Their smell is stronger
Our Choice – Live Bait! (Marginally)
Tip: Some fisheries only allow predator fishing during the winter months. Always check the rules where you plan to fish.
The general opinion will always lean towards live bait fishing. The reason is quite simple: for a predator, there is no better food offering than its natural prey, if presented in the right way! Live bait fishing can be so successful, especially when pike fishing. It’s so productive that many fisheries today have a strict no live bait fishing policy!
But the road to success is often not easy as it might seem at first glance. To achieve a string of success, there are great tips and guidelines that you need to consider and apply!
Where to Use Live Bait?
Live bait is a universal choice for all kinds of waters and for predator fish species. Pike are the most common fish targeted with live bait but there are also zander, perch, and catfish. If you are fishing with small baitfish, there is also a good chance of catching a decent chub!
When fishing with live bait, you need to know your limitations. And the biggest one is the size of the terrain you can cover! When compared to lure fishing, live bait fishing covers less than 1% of the water you would cover with lures. Why? Well, simply because you cannot cast and retrieve your live bait so often. The live offering has limited use and it would die in no time!
This also means you cannot cast infinitely, as most fish species used as bait will not survive such treatment. Once you make your cast, you should keep the bait in the water as long as possible, if the bait is still alive.
So, choosing a perfect spot is essential. Depending on the fish you are after, try reading the water as well as you can, and present your bait at the spot that is most likely to hold a predator. For pike, this could be a sunken tree; for perch, a patch of underwater grass; for zander, an underwater structure; and for catfish, a deep hole in the river bed.
How to Use Live Bait?
The most common technique of live bait fishing is using a simple float rig. There is a lot of variation to it, but it is probably the best option for most situations, as it will keep your baitfish from finding cover on the bottom.
At the same time, bite indication on the float is very straightforward and you can clearly recognize the pattern of attacking and swallowing the bait, which is very important for pike fishing!
It is also important to hook the fish properly. When hooking the bait, avoid damaging the vital parts of thefish, so it stays alive! The hook should be placed either at the tail area, through the back, or at the mouth of a fish. I use only one hook through the back of the fish, just under the dorsal fin, as this will allow the fish a lot of movement without inflicting serious damage.
When casting, you need to be careful. Full strength casts will kill your bait instantly! Try doing it as gently as possible, and try to avoid fishing at long distances. For predator fish, fishing nearer to the bank can often bring the best results!
What is the Best Choice for Live Bait?
This is a very controversial question, as almost every angler out there has a live bait preference that he will swear his life on. One will say nothing beats a live chub, while another will bet on fishing with a live roach.
However, there are three important tips that will help you with choosing the right live bait.
1. The most important rule of live bait fishing is – never to use a live fish from another water.
Introducing other fish species in the water body, especially open water, is illegal in many locations. A lot of waters have been seriously compromised due to the invasion of crucian carp, which have mistakenly been released into the water because of anglers’ live bait escaping or coming off the hook.
There is also a risk of KHV disease (Koi Herpes Virus) spreading between lakes.
2. Adjust your bait to the expected fish species. If you are fishing for perch, a small bleak or roach measuring 5-10 cm is a great choice. For zander, a 10 cm bleak is a perfect solution. But for pike, especially if you are after a big one, size is everything! Larger bait will bring bigger fish and a 200 g roach is just about right for targeting the bigger pike. Otherwise, you will spend your time on too many smaller pike.
3. Predator fish species prefer shiny fish, such as chub, roach, rudd, skimmer or bleak. These fish will make a lot of flashes in the water while trying to escape the hook and a combination of shine and vibration is a perfect trigger for getting a strike. Using a fish like a perch is to be used only if there is no other option available!
Dead Bait Fishing
Why would you choose dead bait rather than live bait? Well, there are a couple of obvious reasons.
First, if you are unable to catch live bait where you plan to fish, then having dead bait available is a great alternative. Also, when planning your fishing trip, carrying live bait around with you demands a lot of additional effort. You will need a water container, an aerator, and more space in your vehicle. When using dead bait, you just need a bag!
Second, dead bait has one great advantage over live bait. And that is the scent!
Live bait will shine and send a vibration through the water to attract predators. Dead bait will lie on the bottom, but if prepared correctly, it will release a lot of scents predators find irresistible. This is especially good when fishing for catfish or zander – they both love eating dead fish and cut baits!
Where to Use Dead Bait?
Dead bait fishing implies the same rules as live bait fishing. The closer to the potential predator fish habitat, the better! But as we have just mentioned, there is an additional scent component present, that gives you a decent edge in finding a fish.
Dead baits are especially efficient when fishing in moving water. The scent will travel downstream faster than you would think, and if there are any predators nearby, they will be attracted to your bait in no time! Both catfish and zander will eagerly search and eat your dead bait if the spot is good enough.
This also means dead bait fishing is best during the night when these fish are active. Try finding a rock-covered stretch on your river to try your luck with zanders, or a deep hole on the river bend if you are after catfish.
When fishing for pike, there is no need to complicate things. Cast your bait to any spot that looks promising, and give it some time. Pike has a keen sense of smell and your bait will not go unnoticed for very long! Dead bait fishing for pike is most efficient during the winter months.
How to Use Dead Bait?
If you simply take a dead fish, hook it, and toss it in the water, you might end up disappointed with the results.
When fishing with dead bait, it is quite important to prepare it correctly. The scent is your main weapon, so make sure you make good use of it!
You can do this by filleting a fish, or by cutting bait. If you are using a whole fish, take a knife and peel off the skin from one side of the body – it will release a lot more scent! You can also try squashing the fish with your foot. Do not overdo it, just press it hard enough to tear the flesh.
Tip: Before you hit the water, you need to check out the rules of your fishery – both live and dead bait fishing are forbidden on a lot of waters. Always comply with the rules!
What is the Best Choice for Dead Bait?
It is completely the same as with live baits – but with one important difference!
Dead bait fishing offers you an opportunity to use saltwater fish in freshwater. Mackerel, for example, is one of the most famous big pike bait in the UK, and there are numerous tips and tricks regarding this fishing technique. Smaller fish such as sprats can also be very productive!
Also, you can use squid for catfish. Sounds crazy, but squid is one of the best catfish baits out there. It smells awful, can endure long casts without a problem, and nothing will eat it except catfish!
How To Use Treble Hooks For Live and Dead Bait?
Treble Hooks are an excellent choice for using when fishing live and dead baits. Since a treble hook is three individual hooks on the same shank, it can improve your strike rate.
Pike and other predatory fish have tougher mouths, making them harder to penetrate. Pike attacks the bait from various directions, so the three-pronged hooks have a greater opportunity to latch into the fish’s mouth.
However, in many locations treble hooks are banned. Always, check your local rules before using. If treble hooks are unable to be used, then use a standard inline hook instead. These can be paired up on a leader if using a large bait.
Denis is an experienced freelance fishing journalist, with a passion for freshwater and saltwater lure fishing. Zander and seabass are his favorite fish species, but he also enjoys spending some quiet hours enjoying float fishing (both match and bolognese).